Results by Industry:

Results by Capability:

Operational Due Diligence

Case # 167

Regional Authentic Refrigerated Mexican Food Manufacturer:  Conducted a 2-phase due diligence to: (1) validate the national expansion opportunity in grocery, (2) validate the growth opportunity in foodservice, and (3) assess operations risks and opportunities. Gotham interviewed ~70 retail and foodservice buyers and surveyed ~4,000 consumers to establish target’s brand positioning and growth opportunity. We also leveraged Nielsen data to build an MSA-level market sizing model to establish a $2B addressable market size. To support national expansion, Gotham established second plant economics and profiled the competitive landscape to identify acquisition candidates. Our operational assessment did not reveal any significant commodity pricing margin risks and, in fact, identified material yeild and labor savings opportunities. These fact-based conclusions gave the client the conviction needed to submit an aggressive bid to win this hotly contested auction.       

Case # 162

National Coffee Roaster And Distributor: Conducted 2-week operations assessment of target to establish initial read on cost reduction opportunities. Despite limited access to the target’s management, plants, and operations data, Gotham was able to create a clear picture of the target’s cost structure in both operations and its DSD network. While the cost reduction opportunities needed to achieve our client’s financial target did exist, capturing those savings posed significant culture and business strategy challenges. Given the high valuation of the target and the significant hurdles standing in the way of savings, the client leveraged our work to make a fact-based decision at the early stage of the process to exit the auction process.  

Case # 151

Customized Consumer Goods Manufacturer:  Identified $35-45MM in cost reduction opportunities, 2-3x management’s savings plan, giving our client an edge to win the auction. Despite very limited access to the target’s management, plants, and data due to the nature of the auction, Gotham was able to leverage dataroom information, a plant visit, and our relevant experience to build a solid fact base of the target’s cost structure – including a detailed 4-year line-item-level view of the operational cost structure and an analysis of 2,000-employee workforce linking each individual to the specific cost line in the cost structure – and to both validate and expand savings opportunities via a comprehensive outsourcing/consolidation model and an analysis of sales, marketing, customer service, and G&A costs.    

Case # 150

Private Label Canned Food Manufacturer:  In sync with the needs of each stage of the deal process, conducted phased customer, market, and operational due diligence, initially focusing on:  1) growth outlook – established the target’s category presence, identified key market trends, and built a model to project category growth; 2) competitive positioning – interviewed 27 PL and category buyers from supermarkets, wholesalers, food service companies, and brokers; and 3) CapEx and operational risk – visited the target’s 3 plants, assessed capacity, and reviewed operational improvement plans. After the client signed the LOI, Gotham conducted:  a deep dive assessment of margin risk, using 7-year SKU-level price/margin data and outlook for major input cost drivers; and an in-depth operational diagnostic of material yield, direct labor, and inventory costs.  

Case # 146

Corporate Carve-Out Testing Services Provider:  Conducted a 4-week operational due diligence to: 1) identify and quantify facility consolidation and other synergies; 2) determine cost additions and operations improvement opportunities; and 3) establish current asset and labor utilization. Gotham worked hand-in-hand with our client to build a comprehensive and reliable cost and capacity fact base, conducted detailed tours of all the facilities, assessed several site consolidation options, and benchmarked operational metrics across the 2 companies. Gotham’s due diligence findings allowed our client to confidently proceed with the transaction; client is already capturing synergies identified during the due diligence.  

Case # 145

Multi-Location Product Testing Services Provider:  Conducted 2-week operational due diligence to validate margin improvement opportunities and assess capacity/CapEx risk. Gotham visited 7 facilities and conducted full-day operations review with management to understand operations management approach/processes and visions/plans moving forward. To fill gaps in this data poor situation, we performed various in-depth analyses – recasting labor cost structure, analyzing job-level data to understand profitability, building a bottom-up labor utilization and fixed cost model to project margins with revenue growth, etc.  Gotham’s due diligence work enabled our client to move forward with confidence and successfully acquire target in a proprietary deal.  

Case # 144

Family-Owned Dry Ice Manufacturer:  Conducted 2-week operational due diligence to pin down capacity and CapEx situation, and to identify margin improvement opportunities in manufacturing, distribution, and branch operations ahead of a competitive auction bid. Created plant-specific profiles of 150+ pieces of production equipment and determined target had ample capacity for growth with minimal replacement CapEx risk. Analyzed and reconciled financial data from the target’s ~100 P&Ls and reallocated costs to establish true operational costs and production and distribution cost benchmarks across plants, branches, and routes and identified up to $6MM in margin improvement opportunities through disciplined distribution and pricing practices. Gotham’s due diligence enabled our client to move forward with a competitive bid. 

Case # 138

Regional Family-Owned Coffee Roaster And Distributor:  Conducted a 3-week operational due diligence to establish a robust fact base of cost and operational performance in a data-poor situation, identify consolidation opportunities, and provide a fact-based, actionable plan for post-acquisition value creation, including:  delivery and service route optimization to eliminate 30-40% of current routes; brewing equipment CapEx reduction through better deployment of used equipment; warehouse consolidation; sourcing efficiencies; SKU complexity management and inventory reduction; and professionalization of roasting and supply chain operations. Gotham’s findings enabled the client to close the transaction with confidence; the company started capturing identified opportunities within a few weeks of the deal closure. 

Case # 129

Entrepreneurial Specialty Apparel Supplier:  Conducted operational due diligence to establish the target’s current operational performance and set the stage for improvements immediately after deal closure. We: identified up to $1.3MM in warehouse cost reduction opportunities and established that existing capacity could support 3.7x current volume by dissecting warehouse processes, material flow, and layout; identified 39% inventory reduction opportunity and detailed end-vision for key supply chain processes; and validated the robustness of front-end sales, marketing, and design capabilities. Within a month of deal closure, management had reorganized the warehouse and started implementing other elements of our value creation plan. 

Case # 123

Fresh And Frozen Food Manufacturer:  Built a robust plant and equipment profile and comprehensive capacity model to provide client with understanding of true capacity picture in support of valuation assumptions for target in competitive bid process.  Determined target could achieve ~3X stated capacity through minimal CAPEX; established 10% in quick-win cost savings available in labor, material, and overhead; and provided client with preliminary growth strategy utilizing co-packers, including targeted list of 9 potential co-packers interested in potential strategic alliance.  Client moved forward with a more competitive bid based on Gotham’s capacity assessment.

Case # 119

Entrepreneurial Specialty Engineering Services Firm:  Conducted operational due diligence to assess the firm’s prospect-to-cash cycle processes and establish a revenue forecasting approach. Our effort included:  building a robust fact base of the company’s cost and operational performance using data from ERP and offline database; mapping and assessing sales & marketing, revenue generation, and people management processes; and visiting/interviewing management across multiple offices.  Gotham provided an explicit top-level operations end-vision and value creation plan bolstering the company’s ability to support growth, giving our client the necessary confidence to successfully complete negotiations. 

Case # 115

Specialty Foods Manufacturer:  Conducted detailed observations of manufacturing operations (evaluating equipment, labor, downtime, changeovers, etc.) and developed bottom-up capacity model to quantify production increases and cost savings. Determined that target’s facility had sufficient capacity to meet 5-year targeted growth projections; identified cost per case savings 15-20% from labor and overhead reductions; found low risk of future operational surprises (e.g., major equipment cap ex requirements, food safety/quality issues, etc.); and provided PE Client with ingoing operational value capture plan. Client moved forward with acquisition and immediately began implementation of Gotham recommended improvement initiatives.

Case # 105

Branded Ethnic Foods Manufacturer: Built operational performance fact base and cost model for due diligence of an entrepreneurial company. Effort included: first-hand observation of operations, management interviews, data collection and synthesis, equipment condition and CapEx requirement assessment, food safety review, and interviews with potential co-packers. Established that:  the existing plant can meet the buyer's target of growing the business 2-3X current volume; identified 5-6 viable and interested co-packers; identified opportunities to reduce cost per case by 16-17.5%; and provided a road map for improving operations. The PE firm is in process of closing the deal.

Case # 95

Baked Goods Operations: Conducted 1-week operational due diligence of ingredient manufacturing operations for a quick-service franchise company, targeting labor practices, safety and environmental compliance, and inventory practices. Reviewed of labor policies, including work rules, attendance policies, and basic compliance with overtime, lunch, and break rules. Determined that the facility had solid risk management operations, and recommended minor improvements in quality assurance and material handling. The PE firm purchased the company and followed through on recommendations from operational due diligence.

Case # 92

Green Building Products Manufacturer: Analyzed operations and cost structure of this startup manufacturer projected to grow to over $80MM in sales in 5 years. Reviewed manufacturing equipment and operations, built a bottom-up cost model for current and future costs, and established requirements for scaling up the operations. The operational due diligence revealed necessary improvements to meet the very aggressive growth forecasts, as well as opportunities for cost reduction. PE client deferred investment.

Case # 91

Metal Processing Holding Company: Analyzed operations and cost structure of 5 independent companies engaged in forging, casting, and stamping operations. Deciphered cost structure, reviewed manufacturing operations, and analyzed material spend. Identified $7-15MM of labor, overhead, and material cost reduction opportunities in the largest of the companies, which was engaged in steel casting. Identified another $6-9MM in scheduling, labor, efficiency, and consolidation opportunities for the remaining companies. After delayed acquisition, now helping to capture opportunities.

Case # 88

Global Machinery Manufacturer: Analyzed product portfolio and design platforms, manufacturing and engineering facilities, and cost structure to establish cost reduction opportunities at a machinery manufacturer with operations distributed over 13 facilities in 8 countries. Due diligence identified $23-39MM (12-21% of total COGS) in cost savings from standardizing/modularizing product line and executing a low-cost manufacturing strategy, simplifying/consolidating the manufacturing and engineering network, and reducing material, labor, and freight costs.

Case # 87

Global Automotive Components Manufacturer: Conducted opportunity assessment at Tier 2 Automotive Parts supplier with manufacturing locations in 4 countries. Identified $6-9MM in short-term and $27-37MM in longer-term cost reduction opportunities. Near-term opportunities included improving efficiency of US operations and re-sourcing materials and components from lower cost locations. Longer-term opportunities involved closing a European facility, migrating labor-intensive products from the US to Mexico facility, and building up a Chinese JV to supply all Asia product needs. Identified opportunities far exceeded management plan.

Case # 79

Jewelry Manufacturer And Specialty Printer: Conducted diagnostic to identify areas of opportunity and potential value of operational initiatives. Identified $6-8MM opportunities in jewelry manufacturing and $4-6MM in book printing via application of lean manufacturing, automation, improved customer service, and network optimization. Established a 100-day plan to jump start the opportunity capture. Post-acquisition, using 100-day plan, management able to migrate manufacturing to lower cost countries, outsource product finishing, and close an underperforming facility, leading to the capture of the outlined savings within 12 months.

Case # 71

Online Clothing Distributor:  Modeled the warehouse, outbound freight, inventory, and inbound freight cost structures of a 3rd-party logistics company in the midst of contract renegotiations and a move to a new warehouse. Identified $1.3MM in financial exposure and weaknesses in contracted outbound freight pricing which drove operational instability, resulting in a 22% reduction in the acquisition price.

Case # 70

Direct Marketing Company: Identified $14-29MM in relatively easily achievable savings (sourcing, freight, and catalog opportunities, along with a $26-37MM potential from inventory reduction), which collectively far exceeded management projections. Due diligence scope included China sourcing costs, outbound freight, catalog printing/mailing costs, call center operations, warehousing and inventory. Client, a mega-PE firm, won this hotly-contested auction. After deal closure, helped management team capture identified opportunities.

Case # 69

Research Service Provider: Developed a detailed post-merger integration and communication plan that identified and prioritized post-merger integration requirements as pre-deal, 100-day, and post-100-day, and identified the integration team with assigned responsibilities for key integration priorities. The effort included establishing the target end-vision of the combined company and determining post-merger integration requirements through a thorough assessment of current situation at both companies.

Case # 65

Household Cleaning And Scented Products Manufacturer:  Conducted 1-week opportunity assessment for inventory, labor, material, freight, distribution, and overhead costs from both standalone and synergistic perspective. Identified $3-4MM in cost reduction opportunities and $4-5MM in inventory reduction opportunities. Client acquired the company and merged it with a portfolio consumer goods company. Subsequently, assisted in capturing $4-5MM in inventory and $2MM in freight savings at this growing company which became one of the largest suppliers to big box retailers.

Case # 62

Sporting Goods Manufacturer: In an auction situation, conducted Operational Due Diligence to identify EBITDA and working capital opportunities for a company with China sourcing, domestic manufacturing, and both mass-merchandiser and specialty retailer distribution. Enabled auction win with identified savings of $4-11MM in EBITDA and $13-23MM in working capital.

Case # 16

Fresh Foods Company: Performed operational due diligence for the acquisition of a fresh soup manufacturer that led to no-go decision as original cost savings estimate proved overly optimistic and investment requirement estimates proved too low. Identified stand-alone cost savings, constructed a catastrophe and failure scenario analysis, created a capital expenditure timeline in light of growth requirements and need to adapt process to manufacture U.S. style soups, and established forward COGS by identifying cutoffs for purchasing scale cost reductions and modeling labor requirements against growth targets. Assessed potential synergies, including soup revenue growth through shelf proximity and co-marketing with produce products, reduced soup logistics costs through use of existing produce cold-chain, lower soup raw materials cost through use of current suppliers and scale, and elimination of redundant overhead and SG&A expense through organizational consolidation.